King Charles I 1649 Death Warrant Reproduction, ND (circa early 1700 to 1800's)

Currency:USD Category:Collectibles / Historical Memorabilia Start Price:140.00 USD Estimated At:200.00 - 400.00 USD
King Charles I 1649 Death Warrant Reproduction, ND (circa early 1700 to 1800's)

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England. Complete reproduction of the death warrant of King Charles I, includes signatures with corresponding seals, that are wax on the original. The English Civil War took place between 1642 and 1651. It was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads", led by Oliver Cromwell) and Royalists ("Cavaliers", led by Charles I) over, principally, political power and authority. The war ended with the Parliamentarian victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651. In January 1649 a trial was arranged, comprising 135 commissioners. Some were informed beforehand of their summons, and refused to participate, but most were named without their consent being sought. Forty-seven of those named did not appear either in the preliminary closed sessions or the subsequent public trial. At the end of the four-day trial, 67 commissioners stood to signify that they judged Charles I had "traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament and the people therein represented". Fifty-seven of the commissioners present signed the death warrant; two further commissioners added their names subsequently. The following day, 30 January, Charles I was beheaded outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall; Charles II went into exile. The English monarchy was replaced with, at first, the Commonwealth of England (1649Ð1653) and then the Protectorate (1653Ð1659) under Cromwell's personal rule. The original document is held within the Parliamentary Archives in the Victoria Tower of the Palace of Westminster. In 2011 the death warrant for Charles I was added by UNESCO to the UK Memory of the World Register. VF condition. (John E. Herzog Collection)