Dahlonega Mint Assay Memorandum, 1856

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Dahlonega Mint Assay Memorandum, 1856
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May 17, 1856 Memorandum of Gold Bullion Deposited at the Branch Mint at Dahlonega, Georgia by William Bacon. Signed by JM Patton. 4.85 ounces, 984 fine. $98.66. This is a very small amount and just may have come from a sluice miner. Branch Mint at Dahlonega, Georgia was established by a Congressional Act in 1835. The branch mint soon opened for business, producing gold coins only from 1838-1861. Half eagles ($5 gold), quarter eagles ($2.50 gold), and gold dollars were minted for the first time in 1838, 1839, and 1849, respectively. The only issuance of the rare three dollar gold piece occurred in July 1854. The mint struggled mightily in difficult circumstances, which included the mint's remote location, the declining deposits of gold, and the ever-changing political climate. The beginning of the Civil War saw the end of the Dahlonega Mint's brief history as a United States coining facility. Julius Patton was the fifth superintendent of the Dahlonega Mint and held the position from 1853 until 1860. He was a lawyer and former state treasurer when he took the position of superintendent. Patton, a States' Rights Democrat about thirty-five years old, was described as being "efficient without being noisy." In 1861 he represented BIbb County at the Journal of the Public and Secret Proceedings of the Convention of the People of Georgia, Held in Milledgeville and Savannah in 1861, Together with the Ordinances Adopted" and was appointed the secretary. This was the secessionist convention in Georgia. [wikipedia, "An Illustrated History of the Georgia Gold Rush and the United States Branch Mint at Dahlonega, Georgia" by Lester] This document shows discoloration and some small tears at bottom. Still it is a very rare United States Mint piece of history. (Al Adams Gold Rush Memorabilia Collection) Date: 1856 Location: Dahlonega, Georgia HWAC# 57437

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