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Albert Einstein typed letter signed, 26 March 1936, discussing prejudice and persecution of the Jews

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Albert Einstein typed letter signed, 26 March 1936, discussing prejudice and persecution of the Jews
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48. Einstein, Albert. Typed letter signed ("A. Einstein"), in English, 2 pages (5.5 x 8.4 in.; 140 x 213 mm) on conjoined leaves, blind-stamped "A. Einstein, 112, Mercer Street, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A.", 26 March 1936, written to "Mr. N. Miller, 277 West End Avenue, New York City". Expected mailing folds and light toning. Einstein writes in full: Dear Mr. Miller: To all lovers of truth in human relations, it must be heart-warming to know that a group of scholars and scientists in our leading universities have banded together under the leadership of Professor Morris R. Cohen to promote scientific study and research in regard to the basic factors which determine the position of the Jew in the modern world. This quest for real understanding, free of partisan interests or organizational affiliations, cannot but bear splendid fruit. Prejudice and persecution, as we know to our sorrow, feed on ignorance and falsehood. And we need this fuller knowledge for our own sake, that our attitudes and policies be guided by enlightenment and not by blind impulse. We owe it to our children as well as to ourselves not to wait until insuperable difficulties develop, but rather to take thought and be intelligently prepared for what the coming years may bring us. Knowing your interest in good causes, I wish to invite you to attend a dinner of about forty men at the Harmonie Club, on April 15th, at 7 P.M., where we may have the chance more fully to explain the project, and try to win your interest on its behalf. Naturally, financial support will be asked for. Science and art have always had to depend on the few that appreciate the finer things of the spirit. But the amount needed is not very large, and you will be free to say "no" if the idea does not appeal to you. I sincerely trust that you will come. Faithfully yours, A. Einstein." In 1933, the Nazis began to put into practice their racial ideology - seeing Jews, Gypsies and the handicapped as a serious biological threat to the "purity" of the "German (Aryan) Race". On April 1st, a general boycott against German Jews was declared, in which Nazi Party militia stood outside Jewish-owned stores and businesses in order to prevent customers from entering. Approximately one week later, legislation was passed to purge the civil service of officials of Jewish origin and those deemed disloyal to the regime. It was the first racial law that attempted to isolate Jews and oust them from German life. The Nuremberg Laws, issued on the 15th of September 1935, became the legal justification for the expulsion of Jews from public life in Germany. The law on Reich Citizenship stipulated that only Aryan Germans or people of kindred blood could be Reich citizens, while Jews became second-class state subjects. $15,000 - $20,000